Photograph Requirements

Overall Requirements for Photographs

1. Quality standardized facial photographs in color for each level of evaluation, A, A1 and B.

2. All photographs should be of the same dpi and scale.

3. The ABO recommends 24-bit color-depth, JPEG photographic images with medium compression that are appropriately cropped and rotated.

4. The photographic method used in A Records should be repeated in the A1 and B Records.

5. Supplemental photographs should be included in the case presentation when diagnostically appropriate.

6. If presentation is by notebook:

•Fit into a montage format

•Print on photo glossy paper

•Affix an ABO record identification label

7. If presentation is by electronic case submission (ECS):

•Only individual photo images, not photo composites, are acceptable

•Do not add an ABO record identification label to the records

8. The name of the doctor, practice or school should not be visible on any record.

9. Conform to specific requirements discussed under Facial Photographs and under

Intraoral Photographs as demonstrated in the following exhibits:

See: Photo Montage Example

See: Photos & Radiograph Examples


Facial Photograph Requirements

1. Conform to requirements discussed under Overall Requirements for Photographs.

2. One (1) lateral view, facing to the right.

3. Two (2) anterior views - one with lips relaxed and one smiling. Views with lips lightly touching are acceptable.

4. Patient's head oriented accurately in all three planes of space and on Frankfort horizontal.

5. Ears exposed for purpose of orientation.

6. Eyes open and looking straight ahead. Glasses are removed.

7. Soft tissue areas of concern and of diagnostic value should be recorded in these photos.

8. White, or light, background free of shadows and distractions.

9. Quality lighting revealing facial contours.

10. Photographs should be approximately one-quarter life size. To determine if the photographs are one-quarter life size, measure the vertical distance from the hairline to the inferior border of the patient's chin. If, for example, this is eight inches, the same dimension on the photograph should be two inches or one-fourth the actual measurement.


Intraoral Photograph Requirements

1. Conform to requirements discussed under Overall Requirements for Photographs.

2. One (1) frontal view in maximum intercuspation.

3. Two (2) lateral views (right and left).

4. Maxillary and mandibular occlusal views are mandatory for 2010 and beyond if treatment was initiated on or after May 1, 2009.

5. Orient to the occlusal plane.

6. Photographs should be as close as possible to a 1:1 relationship to the patient's own teeth.

7. If mirror images are used, display them in reverse and position them as if you are looking at the patient.

8. Free of distractions (i.e., cheek retractors, labels and fingers).

9. Lighting should reveal anatomical contours with minimal shadows.

10. Use two (2) cheek retractors.

11. Free of saliva and/or bubbles.

12. Clean dentition.